Nature Conservancy in the Amazon

TheNatureConservancyNature Conservancy is an NGO (www.nature.org), which works with the indigenous people of the Amazon rain forest. The indigenous people now have a say and a right to their land, which makes up 20% of the Amazon rain forest. Nature Conservancy works with these people to help them develop their forests sustainably. They involve the whole community.

Their projects usually start with ethno mapping, which is when the local people point out and map natural resources, villages, where illegal hunting is taking place, mining or logging, on a satellite image. This process also helps distinguish the borders between tribes to avoid conflict.

In 2006, a trading centre opened in Manaus, on the Rio Negro, in Brazil. It trains 15 students, local people, at a time to manage their land and resources. They are taught how to use geographic information systems (GIS), remote sensing techniques, natural resource and indigenous management, environmental legislation for 5 months.

Nature Conservancy works across the globe, in Africa, Oceania, America, Europe and the Caribbean, supporting local communities and doing environmental work to help animals and habitats for future generations.

“We work around the world to protect nature and preserve life for future generations.”
- Nature Conservancy

Mining for Gold and Copper in Indonesia

Gold is an extremely precious metal. Everyone knows it. It’s used everyday, from appliances such as phones and laptops, to jewellery and bracelets. Nearly as unreactive is copper, used in wiring. Both of these metals can be found in the easternmost islands and tropical rainforests of Indonesia, in New Guinea.

Freeport-McMoRan Mining Company, one of the worlds largest producers of copper and gold, mines an area of 3.6 million hectares in this part of Indonesia. It owns 76.6% of Grasberg, Papua province. The effects of mining in these areas have very severe consequences on the land and on the indigenous people.

Due to the golds proximity to the surface, companies use a method known as open-pit mining to dig into the ground. This means that they first have to destroy the rainforests that cover the land. Deforestation leads to loss of habitat for many animals, and loss of biodiversity we can’t begin to imagine. Once the land has been cleared, these companies begin to dig into the ground. The pollution caused by this leads to further harm to wildlife, in particular, the saltwater crocodile, native to these areas, and tortoises. 285,000 tonnes of untreated mining waste is dumped into the river Aghawaghon every day. If my maths is correct, that’s about 285,000,000 bottles of coke. Still quite hard to wrap your mind around, isn’t it. Consider that this waste is poisoning the fish and the animals which drink from this river. It kills plants and more importantly, it affects the indigenous people who use this water everyday, who eat the fish from this river and who drink it to survive.

If that’s not enough to make you question these companies and their effects on these lands, then ask yourself who works in these mines? Who slaves away, working for less than US$2 for every 10 hour day? Exploitation of local people is a problem that needs to be solved. Companies take advantage of the indigenous people and use them as cheap labour.

So next time you buy a laptop or a new necklace, stop for a moment and consider where it’s come from.

Grasberg Mine, West Papua:

grasberg mine, papua

Antarctic Floods

Six BILLION tonnes of water have possibly been drained into the ocean due to a huge amount of flooding under Antarctica. The cause: a crater lake, covering about 260 square kilometres, almost 70m deep, of area that used to be layered  in a sheet of ice 2.7 km thick. The ice slumped as the water from the lake exited, in an area located towards the east of the continent, thus rendering the effect visible to satellites in orbit. Scientists estimate that at its peak, the flow of the water would’ve equalled twice that of the River Thames and the amount of water was more than is contained in the famous Lock Ness.

At the moment, Antarctica is losing mass at a rate of nearly 50-100 billion tonnes a year. This lake alone represents 5-10% of this figure. This is adding to the rise in sea levels, causing places such as the Maldives, to be evacuated due to their proximity to sea level. Holland is currently below sea level as well._68499321_68496473

 

Fast Facts on Global Warming

The earth melting!!

Did you know that 11 of the past 12 years have been the hottest since 1850. This is because of  global warming. The Arctic is already rapidly melting and by 2040, scientists think that the Arctic will have it’s first nice-free summer. So lets all band together and save the arctic!!

Farting Cows

Most of you already know that cows are contributing to global warming with their incredible amounts of farts. Some scientists say that to stop this, the human population should stop eating so much meat and become vegetarians. Others suggest that we feed cows oregano (an aromatic herb, part of the mint family) based products. According to dairy scientist Alexander Hristov, feeding cows oregano based products reduces their methane emissions by 40%. Not only that, but it also boosts the cows milk production.  Methane, with  21 times more heat trapping and global warming potential  than Carbon Dioxide is a gas we should fear too. In 2006, the UN’s report showed Methane as the second most important Green house effect. So if you’ve got a Dad going around the house farting every second or two, feed him some oregano based products and tell him it’s for the good of our Earth.

A little enironmental – magazine website

As the title says as above , it’s basically an online magazine which has the latest environmental news, and etc.

I myself have seen the online magazine and find it very intresting.

The hyperlink is as follows :

http://www.emagazine.com/

P.S.: You can just click on the large red texts to see the article.

Just something I thought would be nice to share . :)